Although left-wing Sweden ceded Finland to right-wing Russia after the Finnish War (1808-1809), Swedish law – including traffic rules – remained in force in Finland for another 50 years. It was not until 1858 that a Russian imperial decree caused Finland to change sides. In the 1960s, Britain had also considered change, but the country`s conservative forces did everything they could to nip the proposal in the bud. Moreover, the fact that it would cost billions of pounds to change everything was not a big incentive. Eventually, Britain abandoned the idea. Today, only four European countries drive on the left: Great Britain, Ireland, Cyprus and Malta. In special cases, the driver sits on the near side or on the sidewalk. Examples: In Europe since the early 1980s[94], vehicles must be equipped with one or two red fog lights. There shall be a single fog vent between the longitudinal centre line of the vehicle and the outer perimeter of the driver`s side of the vehicle. [95] In any case, anyone who visits these four countries or lives outside these four countries can drive on the left, as the cars and roads are not much different from those of America. However, in the four countries that drive on the left with right-handers, the rules are slightly different. LHT was introduced by the Portuguese Empire in Portuguese Macao (now Macau) and Portuguese Timor (now East Timor).

Both places are still LHT, although Macau is now part of RHT China and requires a right-to-left switching hub at the Lotus Bridge that connects the two. East Timor shares the island of Timor with Indonesia, which is also LHT, although the first (then Portuguese Timor) moved to RHT with Portugal in 1928[1] before returning to LHT in 1976 during the Indonesian occupation of East Timor. Most plunging headlights produce asymmetrical light that is suitable for use on only one side of the road. Headlights soaked in LHT jurisdictions project most of their light to the left; Those at RHT project most of their light to the right, illuminating obstacles and traffic signs while minimizing glare from oncoming traffic. This is because people wanted to draw their swords to defend themselves when something happened. This trend began to fade in the late 1700s, when people preferred to travel on the right side of the road. This change occurred mainly because peasants were traveling to the right and the rich did not want to attract negative attention by traveling to the opposite side. The Philippines was mainly LHT during their Spanish colonial periods[53] and American colonial periods[54][55] as well as during the Commonwealth era. [56] During the Japanese occupation, the Philippines remained LHT,[57] also because the Japanese needed LHT; [58] But during the Battle of Manila, liberating U.S. forces pushed their tanks to the right to facilitate movement. RhT was formalized in 1945 by a decree of the then president, Sergio Osmeña. [59] According to the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic, which mainly covers Europe, it is legal for a vehicle to be registered and legal to drive in one of the countries of the Convention, to drive it in one of the other countries, for visits and the first year of residence after the move.

This applies regardless of whether or not it does not comply with all the rules of the visiting countries. This Convention is without prejudice to the provisions relating to the use or registration of local vehicles. Although many LHT jurisdictions are located on islands, there are cases where vehicles can be driven by LHT across a border into an RHT area. These borders are mainly located in Africa and South Asia. The Vienna Convention on Road Traffic regulates the use of vehicles registered abroad in the 78 countries that have ratified it. In Italy, it had been decreed in 1901 that each province defined its own rules of the road, including the flow of traffic,[22] and the 1903 Baedeker Guide reported that the rule of the road varied by region. [5] For example, in northern Italy, the provinces of Brescia, Como, Vicenza and Ravenna were RHT, while the neighbouring provinces of Lecco, Verona and Varese were LHT[22], as were the cities of Milan, Turin and Florence. [5] In 1915, the Allied forces of World War I introduced LHT into the areas of military operations, but these were revoked in 1918. Rome was reported by Goethe in the 1780s as LHT.

Naples was also LHT, although the surrounding areas were often RHT. In cities, LHT was considered safer because pedestrians who used to stay on the right could see oncoming traffic better. [22] Finally, in 1923, the Italian Duke Benito Mussolini decreed that all LHT zones would be gradually converted into RHT. [22] Nevertheless, some Italian lorries drove on the right until the amendment of the Highway Code in 1959. [Citation needed] LHT was introduced to British West Africa. All the countries that were part of this colony border the former jurisdictions of the French RHT and have switched to the RHT since decolonization. These include Ghana, Gambia[32], Sierra Leone and Nigeria. Britain introduced the LHT into the protectorate of East Africa (now Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda), Rhodesia and the Cape Colony (now Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa). All this has remained LHT. Sudan, which was once part of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, switched to RHT in 1973 because most of its neighbors were RHT countries, with the exception of Uganda and Kenya, but since South Sudan`s independence in 2011, all of its neighbors have led on the right side. Although South Sudan shares land borders with two LHT countries, it has maintained RHT. [33] The Portuguese Empire, then LHT, introduced LHT to Portuguese Mozambique and Portuguese Angola.

[Citation needed] Although Portugal itself switched to RHT in 1928, Mozambique remained LHT as it has land borders with the former British colonies. Other former Portuguese colonies in Africa, including Portuguese Angola, Guinea-Bissau, São Tomé and Principe and Cape Verde, moved to RHT in 1928. Poland is one of 26 EU countries with right-hand road traffic, but the only one that prohibits the registration of right-hand drive vehicles. A road sign in the British county of Kent on the right side of the road Keywords: stickers from England, headlight stickers, headlight stickers, headlight stickers, headlight stickers, headlight adapters, left-hand drive beam converters, headlight masking for left-hand traffic, headlights from England, right-hand drive cars (RHD), Headlight stickers England / Great Britain. Poland will be prosecuted before the Court of Justice of the European Union for refusing to register right-hand drive vehicles, an attitude that has put it in conflict with the European Commission. When the Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1596, they brought with them their habit of driving on the left. It wasn`t until Napoleon conquered the Netherlands that the Dutch began driving to the right. However, most of their colonies remained on the left, as did Indonesia and Suriname. Countries that use left-hand traffic account for about one-sixth of the world`s land area, with about a third of the population and a quarter of the roads.

[3] In 1919, 104 of the world`s territories were LHT and an equal number was RHT. Between 1919 and 1986, 34 of the LHT zones were transferred to RHT. [4] Later, Napoleon`s conquests spread the new legal thought to the Netherlands (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg), Switzerland, Germany, Poland and many parts of Spain and Italy. The states that had opposed Napoleon remained on the left – Britain, the Austro-Hungarian monarchy and Portugal. This European division between the nations of the left and the right was to remain firm for more than 100 years, until after the First World War. Meanwhile, the power of the right has continued to grow. American cars were designed to be driven on the right side by placing the driver`s controls on the left side of the vehicle. With the mass production of reliable and fuel-efficient cars in the United States, early exports used the same design, and by necessity, many countries changed their dominance of the street.